Army Field Manuals
FM 1: The Army
The Army is the primary Landpower arm of our Nation’s Armed Forces. It exists to serve the American people, protect enduring national interests, and fulfill the Nation’s military responsibilities. FM 1 is one of the Army’s two capstone field manuals. It contains our vision for the Army. While the entire manual is important, I would direct your attention to four particular items. FM 1 establishes the fundamental principles for employing Landpower. The most important of these are the Army’s operational concept and the fundamentals that support it. They form the foundation for all Army doctrine. All Soldiers should understand and internalize them.
FM 1 describes the American profession of arms, the Army’s place in it, and what it means to be a professional Soldier. Central to this discussion are the Soldier’s Creed, Warrior Ethos, and Army Values. These three statements establish the guiding values and standards of the Army profession. To understand Soldiers, you must know about them. To be a Soldier, you must live them. FM 1 discusses Army contributions to the joint force. As the Armed Forces achieve even greater joint interdependence, the Army will depend more on the other Services and vice versa. For this reason, the Army is currently transforming its units and institutions to enhance our campaign qualities for sustained operations and to achieve greater expeditionary and joint capabilities. It is important for Soldiers and all who support or are associated with the Army to understand these contributions and how the Army is transforming to better meet its obligations to the other Services.
Finally, FM 1 talks about Soldiers, the centerpiece of all Army organizations. Without Soldiers there is no Army. Soldiers of all components and the Army civilians who support them render selfless service to the Nation daily. FM 1 begins and ends with Soldiers because the Army begins and ends with Soldiers. It is they who, together with their leaders, will keep the Army relevant and ready, today and tomorrow.
PDFs/FM 1 (Jun 05)
FM 3-0: Operations
FM 3-0 is one of the Army’s two capstone doctrinal publications; the other is FM 1, The Army. FM 3-0 presents overarching doctrinal guidance and direction for conducting operations. The eight chapters that make up this edition of Operations constitute the Army’s view of how it conducts prompt and sustained operations on land and sets the foundation for developing the other fundamentals and tactics, techniques, and procedures detailed in subordinate field manuals. FM 3-0 also provides operational guidance for commanders and trainers at all echelons and forms the foundation for Army Education System curricula.
PDFs/FM 3-0 (Feb 08).pdf
FM 3-07: Stability Operations
Field Manual (FM) 3-07 is the Army’s keystone doctrinal publication for stability operations. FM 3-07 presents overarching doctrinal guidance and direction for conducting stability operations, setting the foundation for developing other fundamentals and tactics, techniques, and procedures detailed in subordinate field manuals. It also provides operational guidance for commanders and trainers at all echelons and forms the foundation for Army Training System curricula. The six chapters that make up this edition of Stability Operations constitute the Army’s approach to the conduct of full spectrum operations in any environment across the spectrum of conflict. This doctrine focuses on achieving unity of effort through a comprehensive approach to stability operations, but remains consistent with, and supports the execution of, a broader “whole of government” approach as defined by the United States Government (USG).
PDFs/FM 3-07 (Oct 08).pdf
FM 3-24: Counterinsurgency
This field manual/Marine Corps warfighting publication establishes doctrine (fundamental principles) for military operations in a counterinsurgency (COIN) environment. It is based on lessons learned from previous counterinsurgencies and contemporary operations. It is also based on existing interim doctrine and doctrine recently developed. Counterinsurgency operations generally have been neglected in broader American military doctrine and national security policies since the end of the Vietnam War over 30 years ago.
This manual is designed to reverse that trend. It is also designed to merge traditional approaches to COIN with the realities of a new international arena shaped by technological advances, globalization, and the spread of extremist ideologies—some of them claiming the authority of a religious faith. The manual begins with a description of insurgencies and counterinsurgencies. The first chapter includes a set of principles and imperatives necessary for successful COIN operations. Chapter 2 discusses nonmilitary organizations commonly involved in COIN operations and principles for integrating military and civilian activities. Chapter 3 addresses aspects of intelligence specific to COIN operations. The next two chapters discuss the design and execution of those operations. Developing host-nation security forces, an essential aspect of successful COIN operations, is the subject of chapter 6. Leadership and ethical concerns are addressed in chapter 7. Chapter 8, which concerns sustainment of COIN operations, concludes the basic manual. The appendixes contain useful supplemental information. Appendix A discusses factors to consider during the planning, preparation, execution, and assessment of a COIN operation. Appendixes B and C contain supplemental intelligence information. Appendix D addresses legal concerns. Appendix E describes the role of airpower. Doctrine by definition is broad in scope and involves principles, tactics, techniques, and procedures applicable worldwide. Thus, this publication is not focused on any region or country and is not intended to be a standalone reference. Users should assess information from other sources to help them decide how to apply the doctrine in this publication to the specific circumstances facing them. The primary audience for this manual is leaders and planners at the battalion level and above. This manual applies to the United States Marine Corps, the Active Army, the Army National Guard/Army National Guard of the United States, and the United States Army Reserve unless otherwise stated. This publication contains copyrighted material. Copyrighted material is identified with footnotes. Other sources are identified in the source notes. Terms that have joint, Army, or Marine Corps definitions are identified in both the glossary and the text. FM 3-24 is not the proponent field manual (the authority) for any Army term. For definitions in the text, the term is italicized and the number of the proponent manual follows the definition.
PDFs/FM 3-24 (Dec 06).pdf
FM 3-24.2: Tactics In Counterinsurgency (APRIL 09)
This field manual establishes doctrine (fundamental principles) for tactical counterinsurgency (COIN) operations at the company, battalion, and brigade level. It is based on lessons learned from historic counterinsurgencies and current operations. This manual continues the efforts of FM 3-24, Counterinsurgency, in combining the historic approaches to COIN with the realities of today’s operational environment (OE)—an environment modified by a population explosion, urbanization, globalization, technology, the spread of religious fundamentalism, resource demand, climate change and natural disasters, and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. This manual is generic in its geographic focus and should be used with other doctrinal sources.
FM 3-24.2 (APRIL 09).pdf
FM 3-37: Protection
Field Manual 3-37 provides doctrinal guidance for commanders and staffs who are responsible for planning and executing protection in support of full spectrum operations. It describes protection as both an element of combat power and as a warfighting function. FM 3-37 corresponds with Army operations doctrine introduced in the FM 3-0 capstone manual. As the Army keystone manual for protection, FM 3-37 will help commanders understand and visualize protection concepts and ideas and enable them to describe protection tasks and systems for integration into the operations process. FM 3-37 expands on the protection and combined arms terminology outlined in FM 3-0. It explains how protection can be achieved and applied through the combination and integration of reinforcement and complementary capabilities to preserve combat power or to protect personnel, physical assets, or information. This manual recognizes that protection has no direct antecedent from the former battlefield operating systems, so protection is realized in many ways. Therefore, the text introduces the five forms and five principles of protection to provide a context for battle command and a framework for task assignment.
PDFs/FM 3-37 (Sep 09).pdf
FM 3-93: Theater Army Operations
Doctrine provides a military organization with unity of effort and a common philosophy, language, and purpose. This manual discusses the organization and operations of the theater army headquarters, including its role as the Army Service Component Command (ASCC) to the Geographic Combatant Commander (GCC) and the relationships between the theater army headquarters and the theater enabling commands. The manual also discusses theater army Title 10 functions and responsibilities, generally referred to as the Combatant Commander’s Daily Operations Requirements (CCDOR), as well as the operational employment of the theater army’s contingency command post (CCP) to directly command and control limited types of operations.
PDFs/FM 3-93 (Final Draft, Jul 10).pdf
FM 5-0: The Operations Process
The six chapters and its associated ten appendixes of this edition of field manual (FM) 5-0, The Operations Process, constitute the Army’s view on planning, preparing, executing, and assessing operations. Together with FM 6-0, Mission Command: Command and Control of Army Forces, this manual provides the Army with a common philosophy and language for the exercise of command and control throughout the conduct of operations.
This version of FM 5-0 increases the scope of the manual over previous versions from strictly a manual on planning and orders production to a manual that addresses all activities of the operations process. It describes how commanders, with support from their staffs, drive the operations process through battle command—the art and science of understanding, visualizing, describing, directing, leading, and assessing operations to accomplish missions. This change intends to better describe the dynamic relationship among the commander, staff, subordinate commanders and their staffs, and other military and civilian partners throughout the operations process—not just planning. In addition, FM 5-0 incorporates design within the operations process. Design is an approach to critical and creative thinking that assists commanders in understanding, visualizing, and describing complex problems and developing approaches to manage or solve them. To comprehend the doctrine contained in FM 5-0, readers must first understand the fundamentals of full spectrum operations described in FM 3-0, Operations. In addition, readers must be familiar with FM 3-90, Tactics, FM 3-07, Stability Operations, and JP 3-28, Civil Support. They must understand how offensive, defensive, and stability or civil support operations complement each other. Readers must also understand the fundamentals of command and control addressed in FM 6-0 and the fundamentals of leadership addressed in FM 6-22, Army Leadership.
This manual applies to all Army forces. The principal audience for this manual is Army commanders and unit staffs (officers, noncommissioned officers, and Soldiers). Commanders and staffs of Army headquarters serving as a joint task force or a multinational headquarters should also refer to applicable joint or multinational doctrine for the exercise of command and control. Trainers and educators throughout the Army also use this manual. Terms that have joint or Army definitions are identified in both the glossary and the text.
The glossary lists most terms used in FM 5-0 that have joint or Army definitions. Terms for which FM 5-0 is the proponent field manual (the authority) are indicated with an asterisk in the glossary. Text references: Definitions for which FM 5-0 is the proponent field manual are printed in boldface in the text. These terms and their definitions will be incorporated into the next revision of FM 1-02, Operational Terms and Graphics. For other definitions in the text, the term is italicized and the number of the proponent manual follows the definition. FM 5-0 applies to the Active Army, the Army National Guard/Army National Guard of the United States, and the United States Army Reserve unless otherwise stated.
PDFs/FM 5-0 (Mar 10).pdf
U.S. Army Engineer Regulation 5-1-1 Management Capacity Development - International
The purpose of this pamphlet is to provide general guidance and framework for the planning and implementation of international capacity development (CD) for programs and projects conducted or supported by the U.S. Corps of Engineers (USACE).USACE ER 5-1-1 (30 JUN 09).pdf
U.S. Army Engineer Regulation 5-1-16 Management Capacity Development - International
This pamphlet was designed as a companion document for ER 5-1-1 and serves as the requirements basis document for CD planning and implementation of USACE international projects and programs.
USACE ER 5-1-16 (30 JUN 09).pdf
Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT) Playbook: Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures
This publication created by the Center for Army Lessons Learned (CALL) focuses on the general role of PRTs with additional information specific to Iraq and Afghanistan. The information contained in this playbook is designed to share knowledge, support discussion and impart lessons learned so that PRTs can serve in the most effective manner possible as force and combat multipliers.
CALL PRT Playbook (Sept 07).pdf
Commander's Guide to Money as a Weapons System: Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures
This publication created by the Center for Army Lessons Learned (CALL) is designed to assist company, battalion, and brigade level officers and noncommissioned officers to effectively use money as a weapons system on the counterinsurgency (COIN) battlefield.
CALL Commander's Guide to MAAWS (APRIL 09).pdf
CALL Newsletter 10-64 - Afghan Culture (SEP 10)
This PDF publication from the Army's Center for Army Lessons Learned (CALL) provides observations, insights, and lessons learned based upon the U.S. Army's experience working within the Afghan culture. This newsletter provides information on the basics of the Afghan culture and how soldiers should apply this information while living and working with the Afghans.
Keywords: Afghan culture, Cultural Training, Taliban History
CALL Newsletter 10-64 - Afghan Culture (SEP 10).pdf
Money as a Weapons System Afghanistan (USFOR-A PUB 1-06)
This publication focuses on how the precepts set forth in MAAWS (April 09) uniquely apply in Afghanistan's unique operating environment.
MAAWS Afghanistan (USFOR-A PUB 1-06) (JAN 10).pdf
Money as a Weapons System Afghanistan: Commander's Emergency Response Program (CERP) SOP (DEC 09)
This publication provides guidance and direction on how to use the CERP program within the framework and guidlines of MAAWS in Afghanistan. The purpose of the CERP program is to enable commanders to respond to urgent humanitarian relief and reconstruction requirements within their area of responsibility by carrying out programs that will immediately assist the indigenous population.
MAAWS CERP SOP (DEC 09).pdf
U.S. Forces-Iraq Operational Guidance (4 October 2010)
This document gives operational guidance to US Forces operating in Iraq as a part of Operation New Dawn which began 1 September 2010.
US Forces-Iraq Operational Guidance (OCT 10).pdf